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APPEARANCE

attractive- գրավիչ

good-looking, beautiful, handsome (for men), pretty, cute, nice- գեղեցիկ
plain, plain-looking, unattractive, ugly- տգեղ

Height

tall-բարձրահասակ
pretty tall- բավականին բարձրահասակ
short- ցածրահասակ
pretty short- բավականի ցածրահասակ
medium height, average height- միջին հասակի

Weight and Build

thin, quite thin, slim, slender- նիհար
medium-build- միջին կազմվածքով
overweight, fat- գեր

Hair Dark- մուգ
fair (blond)- շիկահեր
black- սև
brown- շականակագույն
white- սպիտակ
gray- ճերմակ
Long- երկար
medium-length- միջին երկարություն
thick- հաստ
thin- բարակ
Shiny- փայլուն
smooth- հարթ
neatly combed- կոկիկ սանրված
Curly- գանգուր
Wavy- ալիքաձև
Straight- ուղիղ
Bald- ճաղատ
Eyes blue, green, gray, brown, light-blue, dark-gray, grayish-blue, dark
big- մեծ
bright- փայլուն
expressive- արտահայտիչ
with long lashes- երկար թարթիչներով
Nose Small- փոքր
big- մեծ
turned up- դեպի վերև
arched- կամարաձև
Age Young-  երիտասարդ
middle-aged- միջին տարիքի
twenty years old- քսան տարեկան
in her thirties- մոտ երեսուն
about forty- մոտ քառասուն

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Fairy tales fight back

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We all know the stories. The princess falls in love with the prince. He rescues the damsel in distress from the tower or the dragon or the wicked queen … or anything at all really. The plot in many fairy tales relies on a woman in trouble needing a brave, strong man to rescue her.

I loved Disney as a child, and I still do, but it is clear that stories such as Snow White and Sleeping Beauty are based on gender stereotypes. They show children that women spend their time looking pretty, cooking and cleaning and that women need a man to look after them. These ideals are old-fashioned and outdated.  I personally would feel uncomfortable teaching these values to children – boys or girls.

Luckily, Disney has clearly seen that their female characters were weak and helpless and their new films feature strong female characters. Tangled, which tells Disney’s story of Rapunzel, was released in 2010. Rapunzel is an intelligent and creative 18 year old who asks a man to help her to visit the kingdom. Although he is helping her, she also helps and saves him. She uses her intelligence and people skills to save him from a group of criminals, and she uses her magic (perhaps a symbol for special talents) to heal him when he is hurt.

Disney’s award winning film Frozen was released in 2013. Based on Hans Christian Anderson’s story The Snow Queen, it tells of a young girl, Elsa. Elsa can make it snow and turn water to ice. When she starts an eternal winter, it is her sister, Anna, who decides to save the kingdom.  When Anna’s heart is frozen, an act of true love is needed to save her. We immediately think of true love’s kiss. In the end, the act of true love which saves Anna is her decision to give up her life for Elsa.

The females in these stories are intelligent, brave and adventurous. They are better role models for young girls and show children that girls can be heroes too. Disney’s choice to show strong, independent females working together with men shows the progress which has been made in gender equality. Hopefully, through efforts such as this, the idea that a man always rescues the woman will not be passed on to future generations.

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A Letter from Santa Claus

By Mark Twain

Palace of Saint Nicholas in the Moon
Christmas Morning
                  My Dear Susy Clemens,
I have received and read all the letters which you and your little

sister have written me . . . . I can read your and your baby

sister’s jagged and fantastic marks without any trouble at all. But

I had trouble with those letters which you dictated through your

mother and the nurses, for I am a foreigner and cannot read English

writing well. You will find that I made no mistakes about the things

which you and the baby ordered in your own letters–I went down your

Continue reading “A Letter from Santa Claus”

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Christmas tree facts

Great Moments in Christmas Tree History

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  • The use of evergreen trees to celebrate the winter season occurred before the birth of Christ.
  • The first decorated Christmas tree was in Riga, Latvia in 1510.
  • The first printed reference to Christmas trees appeared in Germany in 1531.
  • Besides evergreens, other types of trees such as cherry and hawthorns were used as Christmas trees in the past.

Continue reading “Christmas tree facts”

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BREAKFAST OR LUNCH

cafeteriacoverIt was Sunday. I never get up early on Sundays. I sometimes stay in bed until lunch time. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of the window. It was dark outside. “What a day!” I thought. “It’s raining again”. Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. “I’ve just arrived by train.” She said, “I’m coming to see you“.
“But I’m still having breakfast,” I said.
“What are you doing?” she asked.
“I’m having breakfast,” I repeated.
“Dear me,” she said. “Do you always get up so late? It’s one o’clock!”

                                                            Exercises

  1. Write out these two paragraphs again. Give the right form of the words in brackets:
  2. I am looking out of my window. I can see some children in the street. The children are playing football. They always play football in the street. Now a little boy is kicking the ball. Another boy is running after him but he cannot catch him.
  3. I carried my bags into the hall.

“What are you doing?” my landlady asked.
“I am leaving, Mrs Lynch,” I answered.

“Why are you leaving?” she asked. “You have been here only a week”.

“A week too long, Mrs Lynch,” I said. “There are too many rules in this house. My friends never come to visit me. Dinner is always at seven o’clock, so I frequently go to bed hungry. You don’t like noise, so I rarely listen to the radio. The heating doesn’t work, so I always feel cold. This is a terrible place for a man like me. Goodbye, Mrs Lynch.”

 

  1. Note the position of the words in italics in these sentences :

My friends never come to visit me.

I frequently  go to bed hungry.

I rarely listen to the radio.

I always feel cold.

I never get up early on Sundays.

I sometimes stay in bad until lunch time.

 

  1. Write this sentences again. Put the words in brackets in the right places.

1.She rarely answers my letters (rarely)

2.We never  work after 6 o’clock. (never)

3.The shops always close on Saturday afternoons. (always)

4.Do you always go to work by car?(always)

5.Our teacher frequently collects our copybooks.(frequently)

6.We sometimes spend our holidays abroad.(sometimes)

7.I often buy gramophone records (often)

8.Do you ever buy gramophone records (ever)?

 

  1. Write these sentences again. Each sentence must begin with What.
  2. This is a wonderful garden! What a wonderful garden!
  3. This is a surprise! What a surprise!
  4. He is causing a lot of trouble! What a lot of trouble!
  5. They are wonderful actors! What wonderful actors!
  6. She is a hard-working woman! What a hard-working woman!
  7. It is a tall building!What a tall building!
  8. It’s a terrible film! What a terrible film!
  9. You are clever boy! What clever boy!
  10. She is a pretty girl! What a pretty girl!
  11. He is a strange fellow! What a strange fellow!

Continue reading “BREAKFAST OR LUNCH”

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Vampires do exist

I went to the zoo a lot when I was young and remember being scared of the lion and laughing at the monkeys, but when my dad suggested going to the zoo on our family holiday to Malaysia I was not impressed by the idea. We’d seen the Chinese market, been to a Hindu temple in a cave and done a canopy walk with amazing views of the city, so the zoo seemed a bit boring and childish. Even so, on our last day in Kuala Lumpur we’d done everything else on our to-do list and decided to have a nice relaxing walk around the zoo.

 

After waking up early to get there for the opening time, getting a bus across the city, getting lost and finally finding the zoo, I was already regretting going. I have to say, it wasn’t at all what I expected! As soon as we walked through the entrance we saw a huge lake full of all kinds of birds; a vulture nearly as big as me, flamingos and pelicans. Even better was the elephant enclosure where the elephants were reaching their trunks across the barriers and almost touching us! There were kangaroos and emus, different species of monkey and we had to spend at least half an hour watching the tigers prowl around their enclosure as they roared and yawned showing their terrifying teeth.

This was all very exciting but you always see these animals, whether its pictures on the internet or programmes on TV. The real surprise was when we went through a door into an enclosure. We expected to see birds and walked right into the cage, stopping only when we saw the information boards to our left. They were about a ‘flying fox’ a species of giant bat. Then we turned around. About two meters behind us were three of the scariest things I’d ever seen, and we were in their cage! Huge bats, literally the size of foxes were hanging upside down, asleep. We had just read that they were herbivores but all of the vampire stories seemed much more real at that point. We imagined that if they woke up they would definitely sink their teeth into our necks. We headed towards the door, trying to be as quiet as possible. Then something fell. One opened its huge wings. We ran.o

Continue reading “Vampires do exist”